Connecting router to internet and setting up security
Before we begin make sure you have a network cable connected between your computer and one of the four network ports on the back of your Wifi router. You need this for logging into the router through your web browser.
At this point you can use the CD supplied by your internet provider or follow this guide if you don't have a cd.
The first out of two router types we will cover, is a standard router with no built in modem (non ADSL). The second router covered will be an ADSL router which connects to a phone line.
Any previous ISP software not used anymore like AOL or talktalk internet management software suites must be un-installed first, unless your still using them. AOL will interfere with other isp setups.
First connect your service providers supplied phone cable to the router, going from the phone wall socket to the internet or adsl port on the router. Don't use the ports numbered 1 to 4, 6,8. The internet socket on routers is normally close to power jack.
Now get another network cable and plug it in from computer to numbered port on router.
When both cables are connected (see picture.1) you then need to power up the router and open your web browser. In the browsers address bar type the IP address of your router which will most likely be one of the following
When you press enter you should see your routers login page and brand name displayed.
If those IP's don't work, google for how to log into your routers brand and model.
Bellow is what the belkin N-Wireless login page looks like .
The first page seen is normally a summery page showing firmware version and firewall status and connection status plus DHCP IP settings.
There should be a option or link to log in. click it and enter the routers default log in details, this will be in the manual.
If you don't have a manual then try leaving it blank
If the router is 2nd hand the password may not be a default one and you will need to perform a Hard-Reset on the router. Look for a small whole labeled 'reset' to poke a pin into or a button some where whilst power is still on.
When you are logged in we need to run through and check some settings.
All the various sections for a router are often down the left hand side, similar to navigation in a web site. In a way, the router is allowing us to make changes to it, by using its built in website.
Lan and DHCP settings are a little more advanced for now and leaving them on default settings won't stop your connection to the internet.
Internet WAN settings
On rare occasions Your ISP may require you to supply a mac address of the main computer connected to the router. If there is a clone button in the settings for this then do it for your computer by clicking it. If you only see a line of boxes then its a manual entry job
Click here to see how to find your computers MAC address.(opens new window)
Wireless channel (SSID)
You could most likely run on the default settings for this section, but the SSID setting is a good one to checkout. This is like giving your router a name and is usually set to the routers make and model number. You can change it to 'Joe blogs' or 'petesNetwork' or what ever you want.
When windows scans for wireless networks that name or routers make will come up in the list, so you know its your router.
The other setting you might need to change is the wireless mode option. Your wifi card in your laptop or desktop will be of a certain type, such as 802.11g OR 802.11n. Check your computers Wifi card mode type and make sure it matches the setting for wireless mode on the router. Some routers have an auto-detect option.
This area requires attention. There are 4 types of security WEP / WAP / WAP2 / 64Bit-WAP AND 128Bit-WAP.
The easiest to setup is WAP where you enter a phrase which is used as a pass key. When setting up a computer to connect to the wireless router, you would set its security type to WAP and provide your phrase key. But this is NOT secure and can be easily hacked with tools freely available on the internet.
The best one is WAP2 128bit encryption, so we will setup that one if you have it. If you can't get your head around this one and go back to the simple WEP security method, make sure you disable SSID broadcasting and change the routers name.
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