|Android||Googles operating system found on phones and tablets and net books|
|Bootable||A storage device such as usb-pen or usb hard drive or DVD/CD that can run itself if plugged in or inserted can run itself, just like like a windows bootable repair disc does.|
|Browser||Software to access the internet. FireFox, Google chrome, Opera and Safari are all Web browsers used to look at web sites on the internet.|
|When a hard drive is formatted, the system creates a file system to hold data, that file system consists of clusters in blocks. When a block develops issues and windows cant read or write any data to that block, the block is deemed as a bad block. The drive built in bios system will mark that area as a bad block so its not used by Windows operating system, (OS).|
|BGA||Refers to the array of solder balls underneath a silicon chip that connect's it to the circuit board, referred to as the B-all G-rid A-ray|
|BGA Stencil||A metal plate filled with wholes that line up with different types of chip BGA's which is used when replacing the solder ball's on chips. This is often referred to as re-balliing or reballed chip.|
|BotNet||This is a collection of computers on the internet infected with a virus that allows them to be remotely controlled working as a collective to attack other networks. Sometimes windows proxy settings are changed to accommodate the bot-nets network.|
|Bandwidth||In computer networks, bandwidth is used as a synonym for data transfer rate, the amount of data that can be carried from one point to another in a given time period (usually a second).|
|A form of online remote data storage where individuals or companies can store data that can then be remotely accessed from any computer using a web browser, or software utility and log in details provided by the cloud service vendor.|
|Est||Estimate, on pcpetes web benches est refers to the cost of one item which is stored on left side of pricing and cost section, then added to right side when its either final or approved expenses.|
|File cluster||An area on a hard drive or other storage device that holds a piece of data in it. More than one cluster is normally used to hold a file on a storage device like a hard drive.|
|Formatted||Or Format Or formatting, is a process that prepares a drive to hold data. The drive is formatted with a file system that's either NTFS; FAT; Dynamic or basic. The file system holds the files like windows and user files. The file system belongs to the hard drive, the operating system belongs to Windows Vista, 7,8 etc. The Operating system lives on the file system on the hard drive drive. This also applies to USB pen/thumb drives and usb hard drives, and also SSD (Solid State Drives)|
Often confused with being the windows system itself. File System is actually the Format structure of the hard drives inner disc's used to store the data on, which or course also consist of windows itself. When you Format a drive, you setup the files system ready to hold data.
Windows / Linux is the 'Operating system', which lives inside the 'File system', which is on the hard drive.
|Flux||A paste or liquid compound added to areas that are to be soldered. Flux deoxidises and cleans the surface to be soldered when heated.|
|heuristics||A method of detection use by some virus software and tools to detect new viruses that may not be recognized, when files are scanned.|
|HDMI||This stands for High Definition Multimedia Interface, consisting of sockets plugs and cables for connecting HD devices.|
|LCD /LED||L-iquid C-rystal D-isplay which is the technology used in making laptop screens and flat screen monitors. LED, L-ight A-dmitting D-iode which is a small very low current diode that is used as the back light in laptop screens and flat screen monitors.|
|Malware||Software that usually targets you with advertising and pop up's. Comes in the form of Web browser add-ons, programs you may install, and programs installed by other software you may have installed. Also known as PUPs|
|Operating System||Windows VIsta,7,8 and Linux or Mac iOS, are all Operating systems, Which live in the 'File System' on a hard drive, and are the graphical user interface that displays windows folders and your programs.|
|Proxy||Proxy or Proxy-server is a computer system that manages internet data and sits between the internet and other computers filtering the data to those computers. MS Windows and other systems have settings and ability to use a proxy.|
|PUPs||P-otentially U-nwanted P-rogram. These can be web browser plug ins tool bars, Downloaded System tools or utilities, all of which are not genuine and infect or hijack web browser or internet connection and even disable windows security features and anti virus.|
|PNG||Pronounced "ping" (Portable Network Graphics) is a raster graphics file format that supports non-loss data compression. PNG was created as an improved, non-patented replacement for Graphics Interchange Format (GIF), and is the most used loss-less image compression format on the Internet.|
|POP / POP3||(Post Office Protocol 3) is the standard way email clients on computers receive emails, which has been around for decades. Messages are delivered to your computer, put in your mailbox, and are then your responsibility. The other, newer, method is IMAP (Interactive Mail Access Protocol).|
|Registry||Windows registry is a big file in the windows directory which holds all the settings for windows and various programs that run in windows. It also holds all the user account preferences.|
Referred to as main memory, primary memory, or system memory, Random Access Memory (RAM) is a hardware chip inside the computer that allows information to be stored and retrieved on a computer.
RAM is also volatile memory meaning when power is lost all its contents is also lost.
|SSD||Stands for Solid State DRive, which is a hard drive that has no moving parts or discs inside, but instead, has flash memory chips inside to make up the storage space. SSD drive's are faster at reading/writing data than Disc based drive's|
Serial ATA (SATA) is a computer interface type, that connects host adapters to mass storage devices such as hard disk drives and optical drives. It lives on the motherboard inside the computer as part of the circuit inside a chip.
This is more a standard that applies to power connectors and data cable connectors for hard drives a nd dvd drives connected to laptop and desktop pc internals.
(Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology; SMART) is a monitoring system for Hard drives (HDDs) and solid-state drives (SSDs) to detect and report on various indicators of reliability, in the hope of anticipating failures. Smart, is in the drives own firmware.
When a failure is anticipated by S.M.A.R.T., the user may choose to replace the drive to avoid unexpected outage and data loss. The manufacturer may be able to use the S.M.A.R.T. data to discover where faults lie and prevent them from recurring in future drive designs
|SMD / SMC||Surface Mounted Device or Component on a circuit board which is not attached by pins through the board, but in fact soldered to copper pads on the surface of circuit board. These type of components are often very small or using tiny contacts and require specialist equipment and skill to work with.|
|SMTP||SMTP stands for Simple Mail Transfer Protocol. SMTP is used when email is delivered from an email client, such as Outlook Express, to an email server or when email is delivered from one email server to another. SMTP uses port 25.|
|Tracers||Copper tracks that run all over electric circuit boards joining components together on the board. Sometimes when components are pulled they drag these tracers with them pulling off the board and sometimes tearing them completely away.|
|Thermal paste||This is a pasty compound used to make a thermal bond between heat sinks and the chips under them, allow the heat to transfer onto the heat sink and be efficiently dispersed.|
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